Category «Politics»

The Value of Violence

By Benjamin Ginsberg

This provocative thesis calls violence the driver not only of conflict, yet of politics or even social stability.
 

     Though violence is usually deplored, political scientist Ginsberg argues that during many ways it's crucial, unavoidable, and valuable. 

     Ginsberg sees violence manifested in society in lots of methods. "Law-preserving violence" (using Walter Benjamin's word) is the executive ability during which society preserves social order. at the back of the protection of a sturdy society are the blunt tools of the police, prisons, and the facility of the bureaucratic nation to coerce and manipulate.

     Ginsberg additionally discusses violence as a device of social switch, no matter if utilized in outright revolution or as a way of reform in public protests or the specter of insurrection. He notes that even teams devoted to nonviolent strategies depend on the violent reactions in their competitors to accomplish their ends. And to prevent the specter of unrest, sleek states inn to social welfare platforms (a prudent use of the carrot rather than the stick). 

      Emphasizing the unavoidability of violence to create significant switch, Ginsberg issues out that few this present day could alternate our present scenario for the choice had our forefathers now not resorted to the violence of the yank Revolution and the Civil conflict.

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Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade--and How We Can Fight It

“Human trafficking isn't really a subject matter of the left or correct, blue states or pink states, yet an outstanding ethical tragedy we will unite to forestall . . . Not on the market is a must-read to work out how one can subscribe to the fight.” —Jim Wallis, writer of God's Politics

“David Batstone is a heroic character.” —Bono

In the revised and up-to-date model of this harrowing but deeply inspirational exposé, award-winning journalist David Batstone supplies the main updated details on hand at the $31 billion human trafficking epidemic. With profiles of twenty-first century abolitionists like Thailand’s Kru Nam and Peru’s Lucy Borja, Batstone tells readers what they could do to forestall the trendy slave alternate. Like Kevin Bales’ Disposable humans and Ending Slavery, or E. Benjamin Skinner’s A Crime So Monstrous, Batstone’s Not on the market is an informative and valuable manifesto for common freedom.

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Citizenship across Borders: The Political Transnationalism of El Migrante

Michael Peter Smith and Matt Bakker spent 5 years engaging in ethnographic box study in a number of groups within the Mexican states of Zacatecas and Guanajuato and diverse towns in California, quite metropolitan l. a.. Combining the data they collected there with political-economic and institutional research, the 5 prolonged case reviews in Citizenship throughout Borders provide a brand new means of taking a look at the emergent dynamics of transnational group improvement and electoral politics on each side of the border.

Smith and Bakker spotlight the continued importance of territorial identifications and country policies―particularly these of the sending state―in cultivating and maintaining transnational connections and practices. In so doing, they contextualize and make feel of the complicated interaction of identification and loyalty within the lives of transnational migrant activists. unlike high-profile warnings of the risks to nationwide cultures and political associations caused by means of long-distance nationalism and twin citizenship, Citizenship throughout Borders demonstrates that, faraway from undermining loyalty and diminishing engagement in U.S. political existence, the perform of twin citizenship by means of Mexican migrants truly presents a feeling of empowerment that fosters migrants' energetic civic engagement in American in addition to Mexican politics.

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Pathways to Nonviolent Resistance: BOLD-FACED WISDOM from the EARLY WRITINGS

In an age of financial downturns and austerity, whilst the “Occupy” flow has long gone worldwide, this addition to the Bold-Faced Wisdom sequence could not be timelier. Pathways to Nonviolent Resistance re-examines and entirely annotates Mahatma Gandhi's early writings, providing quickly perception into his pragmatic doctrines for effecting peaceable political switch and selling civil rights. listed below are Gandhi's formative works, the basis upon which he equipped his lifelong philosophy: speeches, letters, articles, and different records drawn from approximately 1893-1923. Key passages are highlighted in colour; "Food for concept" questions spur readers to consider Gandhi's relevance to ultra-modern global and their very own lives; and covered, clean pages supply area for writing down notes and private thoughts.

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The Great Society Subway: A History of the Washington Metro (Creating the North American Landscape)

By Zachary M. Schrag

Drivers within the nation's capital face a number of risks: high-speed site visitors circles, presidential motorcades, jaywalking travelers, and bewildering indicators that ship unsuspecting motorists from the Lincoln Memorial into suburban Virginia in lower than mins. And parking? do not wager on it except you are within the quickly lane of the Capital Beltway in the course of rush hour.

Little ask yourself, then, that such a lot of citizens and viewers depend upon the Washington Metro, the 106-mile quick transit process that serves the District of Columbia and its internal suburbs. within the first finished historical past of the Metro, Zachary M. Schrag tells the tale of the good Society Subway from its earliest rumblings to the current day, from Arlington to school Park, Eisenhower to Marion Barry.

Unlike the pre–World battle II rail platforms of recent York, Chicago, and Philadelphia, the Metro used to be equipped at a time while so much American households already owned vehicles, and whilst such a lot American towns had committed themselves to freeways, no longer subways. Why did the nation's capital take a distinct direction? What have been the results of that decision?

Using vast archival study in addition to oral heritage, Schrag argues that the Metro will be understood in basic terms within the political context from which it used to be born: the nice Society liberalism of the Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations. The Metro emerged from a interval while american citizens believed in public investments fitted to the grandeur and dignity of the world's richest kingdom. The Metro was once outfitted no longer only to maneuver commuters, yet within the phrases of Lyndon Johnson, to create "a position the place town of guy serves not just the desires of the physique and the calls for of trade however the hope for good looks and the starvation for community."

Schrag scrutinizes the venture from its earliest days, together with common making plans, routes, station structure, investment judgements, land-use affects, and the habit of Metro riders. the tale of the nice Society Subway sheds mild at the improvement of metropolitan Washington, postwar city coverage, and the guarantees and boundaries of rail transit in American cities.

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The Twilight of the American Enlightenment: The 1950s and the Crisis of Liberal Belief

In the aftermath of worldwide battle II, the U.S. stood at a precipice. The forces of modernity unleashed by means of the warfare had resulted in spectacular advances in way of life, yet know-how and mass tradition additionally threatened to erode the country’s conventional ethical personality. As award-winning historian George M. Marsden explains in The Twilight of the yank Enlightenment, postwar american citizens appeared to the country’s secular, liberal elites for assistance during this precarious time, yet those intellectuals proved not able to articulate a coherent universal reason during which the United States may perhaps chart its path. Their failure misplaced them the religion in their elements, paving the best way for a Christian revival that provided the USA a company new ethical vision—one rooted within the Protestant values of the founders.

A groundbreaking reappraisal of the country’s non secular reawakening, The Twilight of the yankee Enlightenment indicates how the US discovered new objective on the sunrise of the chilly War.

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The Logic of Collective Action: Public Goods and the Theory of Groups, Second printing with new preface and appendix (Harvard Economic Studies)

By Mancur Olson

This publication develops an unique idea of workforce and organizational habit that cuts throughout disciplinary traces and illustrates the idea with empirical and ancient reviews of specific agencies. using fiscal research to the topics of the political scientist, sociologist, and economist, Mr. Olson examines the level to which the participants that percentage a typical curiosity locate it of their person curiosity to undergo the prices of the organizational attempt.

the idea indicates that almost all organisations produce what the economist calls "public goods"--goods or prone which are to be had to each member, even if he has borne any of the prices of delivering them. Economists have lengthy understood that safety, legislation and order have been public items which could now not be advertised to members, and that taxation used to be valuable. they've got now not, even though, taken account of the truth that deepest in addition to governmental businesses produce public items.

The providers the exertions union offers for the employee it represents, or the advantages a foyer obtains for the gang it represents, are public items: they immediately visit each person within the workforce, even if he helped endure the prices. It follows that, simply as governments require obligatory taxation, many huge deepest companies require certain (and occasionally coercive) units to acquire the assets they want.

this isn't real of smaller agencies for, as this ebook exhibits, small and massive corporations aid themselves in completely alternative ways. the speculation shows that, notwithstanding small teams can act to additional their curiosity even more simply than huge ones, they're going to are inclined to commit too few assets to the delight in their universal pursuits, and that there's a impressive tendency for the "lesser" contributors of the small crew to use the "greater" individuals via making them endure a disproportionate proportion of the load of any workforce motion.

all the idea within the ebook is in bankruptcy 1; the rest chapters include empirical and ancient facts of the theory's relevance to hard work unions, strain teams, organisations, and Marxian classification motion.

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Democracy's Dangers & Discontents: The Tyranny of the Majority from the Greeks to Obama (Hoover Institution Press Publication (Hardcover))

By democracy we often suggest a central authority comprising renowned rule, person human rights and freedom, and a free-market financial system. but the failings in conventional Athenian democracy can tutor us at the weaknesses of that first part of glossy democracies shared with Athens: rule through all voters both. In Democracy’s risks & Discontents, Bruce Thornton discusses these criticisms first aired through historic critics of Athenian democracy, then strains the old procedure during which the Republic of the founders has advanced into anything just like old democracy, and at last argues for the relevance of these reviews to modern U.S. coverage. He asserts that the various difficulties we are facing at the present time are the implications of the expanding democratization of our executive and that the failings of democracy are not going to be corrected. He argues that those risks and discontents would not have to finish in gentle despotism—that American democracy’s flair and power will be recovered by way of restoring the constrained executive of the founders.

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